Statistics Canada data show that the coronavirus lockdown caused a sharper decline and recovery than previous economic downturns.
Newly-released data on payroll, and earning hours from May show how easing coronavirus-related restrictions is affecting employment in Canada.
Average weekly earnings increased in May, according to the Survey of Employment, Payroll and Hours. This Statistics Canada survey provides monthly information on payroll employment, earnings and hours worked in Canada. Though it predates the pandemic, it is currently monitoring the impact of coronavirus on Canadian employment along with the Labour Force Survey.
Though the total number of employees on payroll declined 1.8%, the average weekly earnings rose 2% to $1,139 in May. Average weekly earnings are calculated by dividing total weekly earnings by the number of employees.
This gain was matched by a 2% decline in total hours worked in May compared to April. Between February and May there was a 16.9% loss in total hours worked. At the same time, average weekly hours increased slightly, bringing the average hours worked per week to just over 34.
Construction rebounds following Quebec’s early ease of restrictions
Construction increased in payroll employment in my by 3.5% up to 28,400 in May. It was the only sector to see such gains, mainly as a result of more specialty trade contractors.
All gains in construction were seen in Quebec, where residential construction was allowed to restart in mid-April.
Employment in construction at the national level was still down about 20% compared to February.
Average weekly earnings were up 2.6% to $1,315 in the construction sector compared to May 2019.
Job losses slowed in retail
Retail sales rose by 18.7% in May, though they are still 20% below the February level. The increase was partially seen in payroll employment.
Month over month employment losses slowed. In April the retail sector saw a loss of nearly 279,000 compared to May where about 41,800 people lost their jobs. The total hours worked in the retail trade in May rose 2.6% compared to the month before.
Certain retail industries saw payroll employment increases in May. Motor vehicle and parts dealers, and building material and garden equipment supply dealers saw about a 4% increase.
Average weekly earnings in the retail trade sector were $676 in May, up 10.5% compared with the same time last year.
Accommodation and food services were the hardest hit in May. With a 16.9% loss, reflecting 116,500 jobs, it saw the largest payroll employment decline. The sector has continued on a downward trend since February, with nearly 770,400 job losses since February, the largest variation over this period compared to all other sectors. Average weekly earnings in food services and drinking places were $447.75 in May, the lowest among all subsectors, but up 16.5% compared with May 2019.
Declines in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction of 5.6%, and manufacturing of half a percentage point mostly offset the increase in construction, Statistics Canada said. Payroll employment in support activities for mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction declined 27.5% since February. The average weekly earnings in this industry were $1,832 down 1.8% compared with May 2019. Manufacturing saw declines in all industries, and the number of payroll employees declined 16% since February reflecting about 250,000 lost jobs.
In May, employment in the goods-producing sector was 16.7% below its February level, though the number of jobs edged up by 0.3%, or 7,300 jobs.
The arts, entertainment and recreation sector continues to see job losses. The sharp 557.7% decline from February to May was largely because of losses in the amusement, gambling and recreation industries. The performing arts, spectator sports and related industries also saw massive declines. The losses of lower-paid workers brough the average weekly earnings up 27.3% from a year earlier to $798.
Employment recovery in June
The Labour Force Survey released in early July said that initial recovery in Canadian employment was sharper than previous economic downturns. The coronavirus lockdown caused employment to fall 15.7% in just two months. The 2008-2009 recession, by contrast, dropped 2.5% in nine months.
The easing of coronavirus restrictions in May and June brought the initial recovery of employment to 9.2% of February’s levels. In previous economic deflations, recovery to pre-downturn employment has taken from two to five years.
The labour force survey suggested that Canada’s labour market recovery was well underway in all provinces and most sectors in June.
Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey for July is expected to be available next week. The employment and payroll hours survey for June is set to be released August 27, and will provide more insights on how COVID-19 has affected Canadian employment, earnings, and hours.